Pneumococcal competence and transformation
05 61 33 59 72
Research engineer Research engineer Researcher emeritus Researcher Associate professor
Technical staff Postdoctoral fellow Master student
- Mathieu Berge
- Marc Prudhomme
The pneumococcal competence and transformation team combines complementary approaches to study all aspects of competence and genetic transformation in the human pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae (the pneumococcus). Pneumococcal competence is a transient genetic programme induced in response to stresses. Comeptence promotes transformation, a mechanism of horizontal gene transfer entirely encoded by the recipient cell. It involves capture of exogenous DNA, internalization in the form of single strands and integration into the recipient chromosome by homologous recombination, driven by the recombinase RecA. This process is widespread in the bacterial kingdom and promotes acquisition of new genetic traits. In the pneumococcus, transformation can mediate the spread of antibiotics and vaccine escape. Our team combines molecular genetics, cell biology, biochemistry and single molecule analyses to study the pneumococcal transformation process. The main projects of our team focus on:
- The functional dissection of competence regulation.
- The functional dissection of the mechanism of transformation.
- A study of how competence and transformation are integrated into the cell cycle.
Through these complementary projects, we aim to further our fundamental understanding of this widespread, clinically relevant process.
Chromosome dynamics during pneumococcal competence for transformation
Pneumococcal competence regulation
Dissecting the TRAnsformation Machinery of the Pneumococcus (TRAM)
Single molecule analysis of recombination during transformation (SMART)
- Vanessa Khemici, Marc Prudhomme, Patrice Polard.
Tight Interplay between Replication Stress and Competence Induction in Streptococcus pneumoniae
- Johnston CHG, Soulet AL, Bergé M, Prudhomme M, De Lemos D, Polard P..
The alternative sigma factor σX mediates competence shut-off at the cell pole in Streptococcus pneumoniae
- Jun Kurushima, Nathalie Campo, Renske van Raaphorst, Guillaume Cerckel, Patrice Polard, Jan-Willem Veening.
Unbiased homeologous recombination during pneumococcal transformation allows for multiple chromosomal integration events
- Isabelle Mortier-Barrière, Patrice Polard, Nathalie Campo.
Direct Visualization of Horizontal Gene Transfer by Transformation in Live Pneumococcal Cells Using Microfluidics
- De Ste Croix M, Chen K, Vacca I, Manso A, Johnston C, Polard P, Kwun M, Bentley S, Croucher N, Bayliss C, Haigh R, Oggioni M..
Recombination of the Phase-Variable spnIII Locus Is Independent of All Known Pneumococcal Site-Specific Recombinases.
Journal of Bacteriology
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