Spatio-temporal control of cell division

Sylvie Tournier

Yannick Gachet


DR
05 61 55 81 13

DR
05 61 55 81 13

Team members

  Researcher
  • Malek Djabali
  • Nawel Fellouah
  • Yannick Gachet
  • Sylvie Tournier
  Technical staff
  • Jessie Bourdeaux
  • Céline Reyes
  PhD student
  • Julien Berthezene
  • Tong Li
  • Jérémie Rispal

Presentation

The accurate segregation of sister chromatids to daughter cells requires both the bipolar attachment of centromeres to the mitotic spindle and the correct positioning of the spindle with respect to the axis of cytokinesis. Cytokinesis always takes place perpendicularly to the axis of the spindle once chromosomes are segregated. These different events are coordinated in space and time in order to prevent the formation of aneuploid cells, a phenotype frequently observed in cancer and genetic diseases. The precise mechanisms leading to aneuploidy is unknown but is likely to be caused by either a defect in chromosome segregation, a defect in spindle positioning, a defect in cytokinesis or a combination of these defects. Although it is clearly established that faithful kinetochore/microtubule attachment is essential to prevent aneuploidy, several questions remain, such as:

What are the molecular mechanisms, which correct chromosome mis-attachment and how mis-attachment correction is coordinated with cytokinesis?

Using a multidisciplinary approach including genetic, video-microscopy and mathematical modeling techniques the aim of our lab is to identify the key players controlling chromosome segregation. We believe that our study performed in fission yeast will unveil new, basic and conserved mechanisms responsible for aneuploidy.

Projets

Modeling chromosome segregation and cell division

Identification of the mechanisms controlling aneuploidy

Publications

  • Berthezene J, Reyes C, Li T, Coulon S, Bernard P, Gachet Y, Tournier S..
    Aurora B and condensin are dispensable for chromosome arm and telomere separation during meiosis II.
    Mol.Biol.Cell
    2020 Apr
  • Maestroni L, Reyes C, Vaurs M, Gachet Y, Tournier S, Géli V, Coulon S..
    Nuclear envelope attachment of telomeres limits TERRA and telomeric rearrangements in quiescent fission yeast cells.
    Nucleic Acid research
    2020 Apr
  • Antoine M, Patrick KL, Soret J, Duc P, Rage F, Cacciottolo R, Nissen KE, Cauchi RJ, Krogan NJ, Guthrie C, Gachet Y, Bordonné R..
    Splicing Defects of the Profilin Gene Alter Actin Dynamics in an S. pombe SMN Mutant.
    iscience
    2020 Jan
  • Li T, Mary H, Grosjean M, Fouchard J, Cabello S, Reyes C, Tournier S, Gachet Y.
    MAARS: a novel high-content acquisition software for the analysis of mitotic defects in fission yeast
    Molecular Biology of the Cell
    2017 Jul
  • Cabello S, Gachet Y, Tournier S..
    Cutting edge science: Laser surgery illuminates viscoelasticity of merotelic kinetochores
    J Cell Biol. Mar 28;212(7):747-9.
    2016 Mar

View all publications

Funding

         

Institute

Université Paul Sabatier
118 Route de Narbonne

31062 TOULOUSE Cedex
France

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